Welcome to the FOCAL archive
The Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL) is no longer in operation. This website documents FOCAL's activities and accomplishments throughout its existence. Thank you for your interest in the work of FOCAL.
December 2008, Focus on Gender
Kate McInturff and Peter Moore
Building Export Markets for Peruvian Women
Uneven Progress Made in Closing the Gender Gap in the Americas
Countering Violence Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Latin America
Estrategias para combatir la violencia basada en la orientación sexual e identidad de género en América Latina
Gender, Health and Mobility: Health Concerns of Women Migrant Farm Workers in Canada
We Need Inclusive Communities for Women
Necesitamos Comunidades Inclusivas para las Mujeres
Are Trends in Money Transfers to Latin America Shifting Downward?
Obama, Cuba, and Latin America: Renewal and Reconciliation?
Will Canada and Barack Obama Collide in the Americas?
Mexique: le nerf de la guerre anti-narcotique
Mexico: the core of the war against drugs
2008: Supply Shock in the Cuban Economy
Canada-Brazil Relationship Much Improved and Evolving
Canada and Brazil in Haiti: Passing the military torch, but what of the moral one?
The Jamaican Diaspora’s Role in Jamaica’s National Development
The Role of Micro-loans in the Cuban Economy, Today and in the Future
Papel del Micropréstamo en la Economía Cubana Hoy y en el Futuro
Crime and Violence: Civil Society Perspectives
Canada and the Americas, One Year After Mr. Harper’s Visit
Making the Fifth Summit the Finest So Far
Why We Are Together
The Fifth Summit Needs a Big Idea to Stay Relevant
Summit Reform: Taking a Deeper Look
Energy Security and Energy Cooperation in the Americas
The OAS at Sixty: Renaissance or Senescence?
July 2008, Special Edition on Energy with the Inter-American Dialogue's Latin America Energy Advisor
Alberta Oil Sands: Sustainable Energy Security for the Americas?
Who Will Help Cuba Exploit Its Offshore Wealth?
Latin America's National Oil Companies Differ Greatly
Will Argentina Make It Through the Southern Hemisphere Winter?
Are Fuel Subsidies Helping Latin America?
What Does a World Bank Report Mean for Biofuels in the Region?
U.S. Policy and Energy Security in the Americas
Ecuador's Mineral Crossroads: Canada's Commitment?
No Consensus on PEMEX
Will Millions More People in Poverty Really Change Agricultural Policies? Focus on Haiti
Canada and Latin America: Rocks Ahead?
Securing Health Services in Guatemala for the Families of Migrant Workers
Scratching the Surface of Social Protection for Migrants
Mexican Military Not a Long-term Solution to Drug War
Campaign Rhetoric and Real Policy Choices:
Beyond 0.7 Per Cent:
El peso convertible de Cuba:
Trade Agreements and Prosperity: Are We Overselling the Link?
Trade Related Technical Assistance and the New Trade Policy Agenda
Inequality in the Ecuadorian Andes:
Gauging Free Trade Agreements: Why Big Expectations Mean Bigger Enemies
March 2008, Special Edition on Energy
Indigenous Peoples and Energy Development: A Matter of Respect
Dutch Disease: A Threat to Latin America’s Current Growth Spurt?
Cuba’s Green Gold
Note from the Editor - Castro's Quiet Exit
The Ironies of Colombia Free Trade
Costa Rica: Development at a Crossroads
Good “Politics,” Bad Policy:
Shifting Political Identities:
High Noon at the Orinoco River:
February 2008, Special Edition: Media and Democracy in the Americas
Note from the Guest Editor
Caught in the Crossfire: Media and Democracy in Mexico
Fighting Corruption in Latin America: Media Challenges
Venezuela and the Invisible Gag of Self-Censorship
Media Concentration and Challenges to Pluralism
All above articles are also available in Spanish
Note from the Editor - Looking Ahead for 2008
Canada’s Role in a Regional Crime Spree
Cuba: Waiting for Change
Alternative Development Approaches:
Defining Canada’s Role in the World
Protecting Land Rights:
Protegiendo los derechos a la tierra: