Welcome to the FOCAL archive

The Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL) is no longer in operation. This website documents FOCAL's activities and accomplishments throughout its existence. Thank you for your interest in the work of FOCAL.

FOCAL POINT, Vol. 2, No. 11 - 
November-December 2003

Feature articles:

  • The Guatemalan Elections and the Challenges of Peace and Development, by Marco Fonseca
  • Costa Rica: Uncertainty and Change in an Old Democracy, by Luis G. Solís
  • After Cancún Failed: What Next for Argentina, MERCOSUR and the FTAA? by Mariana Vázquez
  • Colombia: Referendum Fallout Weakens Uribe, by Judy Meltzer
  • Limited Reach: The Special Conference on Security, by Francine Jácome
  • FTAA: The Common Tragedy of Losing the Single Undertaking, by Donald R. Mackay
  • Editorial: FTAA Washout in Miami, by Aaron Cosbey

FOCAL POINT, Special Edition, No. 2 - November 2003

The Free Trade Agreement of the Americas


FOCAL POINT, Vol. 2, No. 10 - 
October 2003

Feature articles:

  • The Special Summit: So Many Initiatives, So Few Institutions, by Richard Feinberg
  • Brazil: From Cancún to Miami, by Florencia Jubany
  • Uncertain Future for the Concertación Coalition in Chile?, by Patricio Navia
  • El Salvador: Peace Accords, Elections and the Military, by Antonio Martínez-Uribe
  • A New Round in the US-Cuba Conflict, by Ana J. Faya
  • Editorial - Observing the Observers: Elections in the Americas, by John W. Graham

FOCAL POINT, Vol. 2, No. 9 - 
September 2003

Feature articles:

  • Establishing the Truth, Fighting the Apathy: The Truth Commission Report in Peru, by Julio F. Carrión
  • The Mexican Dream: Finding a Way Out, Nathalie Gravel and Jorge Patiño Hernandez
  • Contrasting Visions of Cuban Society, by Ana J. Faya
  • The Bush Doctrine Versus a Hemispheric Security Agenda, by María Cristina Rosas
  • Editorial: After Cancún : Hope Fades for the FTAA

FOCAL POINT, Vol. 2, No. 8 - August 2003
Feature articles:

  • Venezuela: A Fragmented Opposition Leans Towards Referendum, by Margarita López Maya
  • Guatemala’s Democracy in Jeopardy, by Dinorah Azpuru
  • Ecuador’s Coalition Crumbles, by Judy Meltzer
  • Argentina: The End of the “Automatic Majority”, by María Gabriela Spuches
  • The Good Governance Agenda, Good for Whom? by Francis Adams
  • Cuba: A New Face in the Internal Opposition, by Ana J. Faya

FOCAL POINT, Vol. 2, No. 7 - July 2003
Feature articles:

  • The Mexican Mid-Term Elections: PRI Resurgent and Democracy Strengthened? by Pamela K. Starr
  • A North American Beef, by Robert A. Pastor
  • Seeking Partners: Canada, the Private Sector and Peacebuilding in Colombia, by Angelika Rettberg
  • Dominican Republic at the Crossroads, by José Zaragoza
  • Cuba: New Opportunities and Old Proposals, by Ana J. Faya

FOCAL POINT, Vol. 2, No. 6 - June 2003
Feature articles:

  • Fugitive Fujimori: The Global Campaign for Extradition, by Catherine M. Conaghan
  • Uncertain Times for Maquiladoras in Yucatán, Mexico, by Nathalie Gravel
  • Kirchner versus the Supreme Court, by Maria Gabriela Spuches
  • A Calculated Blandness? The 2003 OAS General Assembly, by Laurie Cole and John W. Graham
  • Cuba: The Challenge of Reconciliation, by Cristina Warren
  • Which New Brazil? by Jean Daudelin
  • Editorial: Doing the FTAA-Lite, by Donald R. Mackay

FOCAL POINT, Vol. 2, No.5 - May 2003
Feature articles:

  • Can Kirchner Overcome Menem’s Legacy? by Luigi Manzetti
  • Transnational Crime Overwhelming the Caribbean, by Sir Ronald Sanders
  • Border Dispute in the Caribbean Sea, by Eduardo García & Claudia Paguaga
  • Colombia: Hairline Cracks in the Hardline Policy, by Judy Meltzer
  • U.S. vs. Cuba: Going from Bad to Worse, by Ana J. Faya
  • Editorial: South America Looking Towards a “Continental Axis”

FOCAL POINT, Vol. 2, No. 4 - April 2003
Feature articles:

  • Changed or Short-Changed? Argentina’s Presidential Elections 2003, by Florencia Jubany
  • In Oviedo’s Shadow: Elections in Paraguay, by Paul Haslam
  • Why has Portillo Lost Support in Guatemala? by Claudia Paguaga
  • Credibility of Canada’s Cuba Policy at Stake as Repression Grows, by Cristina Warren
  • Summitry: Can Canada Reach the Next Peak Without Oxygen? by John W. Graham

FOCAL POINT, Vol. 2, No. 3 - March 2003
Feature articles:

  • Making Civil Society Relevant (Again), by Philip Oxhorn
  • Challenges and Opportunities for Democracy, by Maxwell A. Cameron
  • More than Peace Negotiations or Full-Fledged War, by Hernando Gomez Buendía
  • The Political Economy of the Salvadoran Elections, by Manuel Orozco
  • Cuba and the Non-Aligned Movement, by Ana J. Faya
  • Editorial: The Americas After Iraq

FOCAL POINT, Vol. 2, No. 2 - 
February 2003

Feature articles:

  • The Emerging Hemispheric Democracy Regime, by Francis Adams
  • New Politics, Old Protests in Bolivia, by Judy Meltzer
  • Why Impeachment Failed in Paraguay, by Paul Haslam
  • Canada Supports De-mining in Central America, by Claudia Paguaga
  • Reinvigorating Canadian Policy Towards Cuba, by Cristina Warren
  • Editorial: What’s New, What’s Left in Latin America?

FOCAL POINT, Vol. 2, No. 1 - January 2003
Feature articles:

  • Lula Takes Office, Pragmatism Rules, by W. E. (Ted) Hewitt
  • Lucio Gutiérrez: Scenarios of Instability, by Adrián Bonilla
  • Changes in Cuba, by Ana J. Faya
  • A Story of Impunity in Peru, by Juan Miranda Sánchez
  • Editorial: Where is Canada’s Latin American Foreign Policy?

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