Welcome to the FOCAL archive

The Canadian Foundation for the Americas (FOCAL) is no longer in operation. This website documents FOCAL's activities and accomplishments throughout its existence. Thank you for your interest in the work of FOCAL.

Policy Papers & Briefs 2008

Canada, Latin America and the Death of the Monroe Doctrine
Carlo Dade
FOCAL Policy Brief
August 2008

What the US movement away from the Monroe Doctrine could mean for Canada.

 

Gobiernos Locales Indígenas en Ecuador
Santiago Ortiz Crespo
FOCAL Policy Paper
April 2008

Este documento describe el posicionamiento indígena en la institucionalidad local en Ecuador a través de tres formas reconocidas por el Estado: Comunas, Municipios y Circunscripciones Territoriales Indígenas. Luego de ubicar algunos datos sobre población y territorio, se caracteriza el marco institucional, para luego examinar las experiencias de gestión indígena en lo local y los resultados en cuanto democracia y desarrollo. Finalmente se ubicarán algunos límites, tensiones y desafíos que tiene esa presencia, tomando en cuenta que se está cambiando el marco institucional, con la Asamblea que dictará una nueva Constitución a finales de este año.

 

Sustainable Communities: Mining and Indigenous Governance
FOCAL Policy Paper
March 2008

Mining companies are increasing the frequency with which they engage indigenous communities and governance issues in Latin America. The elevated frequency of interaction is increasing the pressure felt by individual companies, indigenous communities, and the industry as a whole.With a focus on sustainable communities, the mining industry could come closer to finding common ground with the governance structures that exist within rural indigenous communities. Ideally, indigenous communities would count on strong representation from their municipal governments that would be working closely with the communities in order to ensure their sustainability throughout the life cycle of a mine.

 

A View of the Hemisphere

 

LBmaps1

Explore the link between governance and development.